Fifty-three captive-bred New Zealand Shore Plover (Thinornis novaeseelandiae) were released on Motuora Island in the Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand in an attempt to establish a second population of this endangered shorebird in the wild. The birds were liberated in four releases between September 1994 and February 1997. In September 1997, eight (15%) of the released birds were still resident on Motuora Island. Dispersal to the mainland was the principal known cause of loss of birds from the island, with predation being the next most important cause. Differences were found between the use of adult and juvenile birds for release but there did not seem to be any difference between using hand- or parent-reared birds. Possible seasonal patterns of disappearance may become clearer once more birds have been released on the island. Recommendations for future management and research include continuing the transfer programme to Motuora Island with intensive monitoring during the first month after release, inclusion of more adult birds in releases, release of both hand- and parent-reared captive birds and conducting more research into Morepork predation of Shore Plover.